Set of vows for Jain householders that is meant to help them improve spiritual discipline. The Sanskrit term means ‘Vows of Instruction’. There are four vows:

  • sāmāyika-vrata – practising equanimity
  • poṣadhopavāsa-vrata – fasting regularly and withdrawing from household activities for a set period
  • deśāvakā-vrata – limiting one’s movements
  • dāna-vrata – giving charity properly, in the form of knowledge, medicine, comfort and food, especially to mendicants.
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