All content on JAINpedia is protected by copyright laws.

The Institute of Jainology is committed to maintaining the JAINpedia database and website as a resource that is publicly available and free at the point of access.

Creative Commons licence

All content of this site that is not copyrighted to specified institutions or individuals or is in the public domain in the United Kingdom is copyrighted to JAINpedia under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 licence.

In short, this means that on a non-commercial basis you may freely:

  • copy, distribute, display, and perform this copyrighted work – and derivative works based upon it – providing that you credit JAINpedia and the original author where necessary in the citation style given below
  • remix, tweak, and build upon JAINpedia, as long as you credit JAINpedia and the original author where necessary and license your new creations under identical terms.

All other use is prohibited without the express written consent of the Institute of Jainology.

Citing JAINpedia content

Each time you non-commercially copy, distribute, display, and perform, remix, tweak and build upon or use any item in whole or in part from JAINpedia under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 licence, please cite JAINpedia as follows:

[item title] ©JAINpedia 20XX [full or abbreviated URL of content] The Jain universe online at[hyperlink]

Non-internet uses

If you wish to license or reprint any of the original content on the JAINpedia website for non-internet use (for example, as part of an article, book or pamphlet), please contact us.

Linking policy

You do not have to ask permission to link directly to pages hosted on this site. However, we do not permit our pages to be loaded into frames on your site. Our pages must load into the user’s entire window.

JAINpedia and the Institute of Jainology are not responsible for the contents or reliability of any sites to which JAINpedia provides a hyperlink and does not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them. Linking to or from this site should not be taken as endorsement of any kind. We cannot guarantee that these links will work all of the time and we have no control over the availability of the linked pages.

JAINpedia reserves the exclusive right, at its sole discretion, to add, change, decline or remove, without notice, any feature or link to any of the linked websites.

Third-party content

The bulk of the content on JAINpedia has been commissioned specially for the website. In addition to this original material, JAINpedia uses content that falls into one of the following groups pertaining to intellectual property status:

  1. public domain
  2. Creative Commons licensing
  3. copyrighted material

JAINpedia content used under Creative Commons licences adheres to the terms set out in the licence attached to that content.

Copyrighted material

When JAINpedia uses copyrighted content from third parties, the copyright remains with the copyright-holder.

JAINpedia provides credit according to the copyright-holder’s preference. When this is not known, JAINpedia credits the copyright-holder thus: © copyright-holder name.

JAINpedia uses copyrighted third-party content in good faith that all appropriate permissions and licences have been secured by the copyright-holder.

If you wish to reproduce third-party content used on JAINpedia, please contact the copyright-holder directly.

Digitised images

At the core of the JAINpedia website are the photographic images of the manuscripts and other materials – called ‘digitised images’ here – in the collections of the partner institutions.

The copyright-holder of the physical collections held in individual institutions and organisations also holds the copyright in the digitised images of these collections. Details of copyright holders and associated credit lines are given in the table.

Copyright of digitised images on JAINpedia
Holding institution Copyright credit line
Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford
British Library CC0 1.0 (Creative Commons Public Domain)
Victoria and Albert Museum V&A Images / Victoria and Albert Museum, London
Wellcome Trust Library Wellcome Library, London
Royal Asiatic Society Royal Asiatic Society Images / Royal Asiatic Society, London

JAINpedia stores digitised artefacts in imaging formats that can be used for low-resolution reproductions only.

Any use of the original archival-quality digitised images and other website items copyrighted to specific individuals or institutions requires explicit permission from the appropriate copyright-holder.

Please contact directly the intellectual property rights department of the relevant partner institution for more information. You can find details of these departments by visiting the institution’s website.


The JAINpedia management team assumes that the partner institutions own either all material in their collections or the intellectual property rights over it, or have passed on correct details of the copyright-holders. Where this is known not to be the case, the copyright-holder has been specified for individual items of digitised material.

Where JAINpedia links to content held on third-party websites, we provide a hyperlink in good faith that the content has been used with all appropriate permissions and licences.

JAINpedia uses copyrighted third-party content in good faith that all appropriate permissions have been secured by the copyright-holder.

If you believe that any content on JAINpedia may have infringed intellectual property rights, please contact us. While we resolve the situation, the item of content in question will be removed from the website.