Four ‘non-destructive’ or ‘neutral’ types of karma, which chiefly influence the physical body and thus do not hamper the acquisition of the ‘three jewels’ needed for liberation. They are:

  1. āyu-karma – determines lifespan and condition of existence – gati
  2. nāma-karma – forms the body and physical attributes
  3. gotra-karma – sets the status of the body, for example high or low social status in the case of human beings
  4. vedanīya-karma – causes feelings of pleasure and displeasure.
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