Hariṇaigameṣin transfers the embryo

This rare palm-leaf page in the collections of the Philadelphia Museum of Art comes from an early 14th-century manuscript of the Śvetāmbara scripture of the Kalpa-sūtra. The picture illustrates the episode where the antelope-headed god Hariṇaigameṣin transfers the embryo of the Jina-to-be Mahāvīra from the brahmin lady Devānandā to the kṣatriya queen Triśalā.


Harsukhrai Temple

The HereNow4U website reprints a 1945 article on the Harsukhrai Temple at Dharmapura, Delhi, also called the Naya Mandir. The article describes and provides photographs of the Digambara temple, which features verses of the Bhaktāmara-stotra. The famous hymn of the Bhaktāmara-stotra is associated with miraculous powers that come from repeating its verses, especially the name of the first Jina, Ṛṣabha.


He Karuṇānā Karaṇārā

This recording of He Karuṇānā Karaṇārā on SoundCloud was made by JAINpedia contributor M. Whitney Kelting as part of her fieldwork into Jain devotional practices among Jain women in western India in 2009.


Head anointing ceremony

The Huntington Archive at Ohio State University provides a photograph of devotees anointing a smaller image at the foot of the large statue of Bāhubali at Shravana Belgola in Karnataka. In this 2001 photo, the pilgrims are performing a ‘head-anointing ceremony’ – mastakābhiṣeka – of a small image of Bāhubali. This rite can be carried out for any Jain image and involves pouring consecrated liquids over the head, accompanied by a mantra or hymn. The sacred bath is at the centre of all Jain image rituals and can be performed daily in the morning ceremony or during festivals and pilgrimages.


Head of Bāhubali colossus

The Huntington Archive at Ohio State University provides this photograph of the head of the colossal statue of Bāhubali at Shravana Belgola in Karnataka. Completed in the tenth century, the granite statue has a serene expression and elongated earlobes, reminders that Bāhubali gave up his rank as king – who wore heavy jewellery, including earrings – to seek spiritual truth. Pilgrims climb the steep hill to worship at the feet of the idol, which is nearly 18 metres tall.


Henry Colebrooke biography

The life and career of Henry Thomas Colebrooke (1765—1837), a British administrator in India, is summed up in volume 11 of the Dictionary of National Biography, 1885—1900. An accomplished scholar of Sanskrit and of Hindu literature, Colebrooke was one of the founders of the Royal Asiatic Society. His intellectual interests were extremely wide, covering mathematics, science, law, languages and religion.


Henry Cousens – photographing India

The Digital South Asia Library at the University of Chicago provides detailed information about some of the trips made from 1889 to 1895 by Henry Cousens (1854–1933) in British India. Accompanied by other members of the Archaeological Survey Department and Indian assistants, Cousens took photographs for survey purposes.


Henry Thomas Colebrooke

A portrait of Henry Thomas Colebrooke, English Sanskrit scholar, on the website of the Science Photo Library. A polymath interested in languages, religions, social customs, law, mathematics and science, he was instrumental in establishing the Royal Asiatic Society in 1823.


Hermann Jacobi biography

A German Indologist (1850–1937), Hermann Jacobi is one of the most important figures in Jain studies. His demonstration that Jainism had always been a separate religion and his work in studying and translating many significant Jain texts laid the groundwork for the scholarly study of Jainism as an independent academic discipline.

The HereNow4U website provides this summary of Jacobi's career, extracted from the second edition of German Indologists: biographies of scholars in Indian studies writing in German: with a summary on Indology in German speaking countries by Valentina Stache-Rosen, revised by Agnes Stache-Weiske, published in Delhi in 1990 by Max Müller Bhavan.


Hindi commentary on ‘Paramātma-prakāśa’

Atmadharma.com provides a PDF of a Hindi commentary on Yogīndu’s Paramātma-prakāśa to either read online or to download.

You will need to have Adobe Acrobat Reader on your computer to open PDF files.



Hindi version of Samayasāra Nāṭaka

Atmadharma.com provides a PDF of Banārasīdās’s Samayasāra Nāṭaka in Hindi to either read online or to download.

You will need to have Adobe Acrobat Reader on your computer to open PDF files.


Historical image of the Indra Sabha cave

The British Library website provides a 19th-century zoomable photograph of the Jain cave temple in the Ellora cave complex, Maharashtra.


Holy symbols in worship

Taken from the side, this 2009 photo on Flickr captures a very holy and frequently found symbol in Jain worship. Created in rice grains as part of a ceremony, the symbol is in three parts. Considered from the bottom, they are:

  • a svastika representing the four parts of the Jain community and four conditions of being
  • three dots representing the three jewels of Jain doctrine
  • a horizontal crescent with a dot above, which symbolises the liberated soul in the siddha-śilā.


Hutheesing temple

Indiavideodotorg provides this brief video on YouTube showing the white marble Hutheesing temple in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Completed in 1847 by a rich Śvetāmbara merchant family, the Dharmanātha temple is probably the best-known temple dedicated to the 15th Jina. Designed by Premchand Salat, the large, ornate building contains 52 shrines but the main image – mūla-nāyaka – is of Dharmanātha or Lord Dharma.


Hymn to Candraprabha

This 2007 YouTube video features a Digambara monk singing a hymn – stotra – honouring the eighth Jina, Candraprabhanātha or Lord Candraprabha. The visuals show a Śvetāmbara idol of the Jina over a pulsing, colourful background.


Hymn to Mallinatha

This 2007 YouTube video features a Digambara monk singing a hymn – stotra – honouring the 19th Jina, Mallinātha or Lord Malli. The visuals show a Śvetāmbara idol of the Jina over a pulsing, colourful background.


Hymn to Māṇibhadra

This 2012 video on YouTube video shows images of the Śvetāmbara deity Māṇibhadra Vīra while a Sanskrit stuti – hymn – dedicated to him is played. He is the protective deity of the Tapā-gaccha sect.


Hymn to Naminātha

This 2007 hymn on YouTube is a Sanskrit stotra to the 21st Jina, Naminātha or Lord Nami. The sound is accompanied by pictures of statues of Jinas and monks of various Jain sects. The plain statues of nude Jinas with closed eyes and the naked monks belong to Digambara sects. The white-robed mendicants are Śvetāmbara Mūrtipūjakas. The monks and nuns with mouth-cloths attached to their ears are from either the Terāpanthin or Sthānaka-vāsīn Śvetāmbara sects.


Hymn to Ṛṣabha

This hymn on YouTube is dedicated to Ṛṣabhanātha or Lord Ṛṣabha, the first of the 24 Jinas of this era of time. The slideshow has pictures of devotees praying to Ṛṣabha and passing on his teachings. 


Hymns of Ānandghan

The Tattva Gyan website provides a selection of 17th-century hymns to listen to. Performed in several styles here, the poems of Ānandghan remain popular among Jains of all sects today. Ānandghan's compositions are within the tradition of bhakti songs of devotion, which emphasise the emotional experience of religious devotion and the inner spiritual journey over rituals.


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