Lalbhai Dalpatbhai Institute of Indology and Museum

Based in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, the Lalbhai Dalpatbhai Institute of Indology is a national centre affiliated to the National Mission for Manuscripts. With a library of manuscripts, it has a specific section for manuscript preservation and cataloguing. In addition to holding seminars for researchers into Śvetāmbara Jainism, the L. D. Institute publishes books and the Sambodhi journal in English, Hindi and Gujarati. The L. D. Museum, on the same site, holds an important collection of Jain artefacts – statues, manuscripts, the N. C. Mehta Collection of paintings and a gallery of monastic equipment that belonged to Muni Puṇyavijaya.

Lay vows

Digambara specialist Vilas Sangave has written this piece on the 12 lay vows for the Jainworld website.


A definition of the concept of karmic stain or soul colour – leśyā – on the HereNow4U website.


Samani Bhavit Pragya discusses the concept of salvation in this chapter from her 2000 book Jain View of Life. The online version of the book is available on the HereNow4U website.

Life of Devarddhi-gaṇi Kṣamā-śramaṇa

The illustrated story of Devarddhi-gaṇi Kṣamā-śramaṇa from Kumarpal Desai's 1998 Glory Of Jainism is provided on the HereNow4U website. This version of Devarddhi-gaṇi 's life names his teacher as Ācārya Lohitya-sūri.

Life of Śītala provides a version of the Śvetāmbara life story of Śītalanātha or Lord Śītala, the tenth Jina.

Lighting Dīvālī lights

The festival of Dīvālī is celebrated by all the major Indian religions, with the Jains commemorating the final liberation of the 24th Jina, Mahāvīra. Called the 'Festival of Lights' from a corruption of the Sanskrit term dīpa, the traditional clay lamp, Dīvālī always features lights on every available surface, arranged both inside and outside buildings, in the streets, around statues and altars. This 2007 Flickr photograph shows people lighting candles in New Delhi, the capital of India.

List of Digambara holy places provides a list of Digambara holy places in India, complete with details of the main temple and idol, location, travel information, facilities for pilgrims and contact details of the management organisation. The site also offers background information on temples and Jain principles. Unfortunately, the standard of English is not very good.

Look at Śrī Pārśva

This recording of Look at Śrī Pārśva on SoundCloud was made by JAINpedia contributor M. Whitney Kelting as part of her fieldwork into Jain devotional practices among Jain women in western India in 2009.

Lord Nemi and his retinue

Bronze shrine featuring the 22nd Jina, Nemi, and attendants. Attributes of high status are clear, such as the triple canopy, the lion throne and the servants. His spiritual supremacy is signalled by the nimbus around his head, his lotus pose of meditation, the śrīvatsa on his chest and the meditating Jinas on both sides. At the bottom on either side sit his male attendant deity – yakṣa – Gomedha and his female attendant deity – yakṣī – Ambikā. This zoomable photograph is on the website of the Norton Simon Museum in Pasadena, California, USA.