A man and a woman are inside a circular shape, which symbolises a cave. The seated man is dressed in the white robe of a Śvetāmbara monk. The alternating red and blue shapes round the circle’s perimeter stand for mountain peaks while natural scenery is suggested by the black and white deer and the river with fish swimming along it.

The peacock and the tormented sky along the top of the picture indicate that this episode takes place during the rainy season.

The Jain monk is Rathanemi, the elder brother of Neminātha, or Lord Nemi, the 22nd Jina, who is often called Ariṣṭanemi. Standing in front of him is the thin figure of a nun, who has removed her upper garment. This is Rājimatī. Once engaged to Nemi, she had decided to become a nun after he renounced worldly life on their wedding day.

Rājimatī goes towards Mount Raivataka and when it begins to rain she takes shelter in a cave, where she removes her clothes to dry them. Unknown to Rājimatī, Rathanemi is also in the cave and his mental peace is disturbed by the sight of her.

He invites her to love. But when Rājimatī tells him forcefully to behave nobly and remain strong in his asceticism, he is fully convinced by her spiritual strength.

Note that here the picture does not match the writing on the page. Instead, the episode is described on the verso of this folio.

Other visual elements

The number 22 in the top right-hand margin is the chapter number.

The blank diamond shape in the text is a simple ornamentation. It is the symbolic reminder of the hole through which the cord was passed in palm-leaf manuscripts.


The elaborate script used for the main text is the Jaina Devanāgarī script, which recalls calligraphy. It is used for writing numerous Indian languages. Here it is used for Prakrit.

The characters covered with orange pigment are the verse numbers. They are at the end of each stanza, a reversal of the Western practice. The numbers on this page go from 3 to 18.